Go to content Go to navigation Go to search Change language

Home>Collection & Louvre Palace>Curatorial Departments>Anthropomorphic oinochoe (wine jug)

Work Anthropomorphic oinochoe (wine jug)

Department of Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Antiquities: Etruscan Art (9th-1st centuries BC)

Anthropomorphic oinochoe (wine jug)

© 1996 RMN / Hervé Lewandowski

Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Antiquities
Etruscan Art (9th-1st centuries BC)

Author(s):
Astier Marie-Bénédicte

Stimulated by their links with Greece during the Orientalizing period, the Etruscans developed an art of their own, in which the human figure occupied an increasingly important place. This oinochoe with impasto decoration bears witness to the richness of the decorative repertoire. There is 'incavo' (hollow) decoration on the belly of the vessel: horsemen in silhouette and monsters or catlike creatures ranged next to geometric motifs from the decorative tradition of the preceding period.

Impasto ceramics

The shape of this triple-necked oinochoe with globular belly is paralleled in a great number of other examples discovered in southern Etruria and the Faliscan region around Civita Castellana (Falerii Veteres). This oinochoe was probably made in this area in the early Orientalizing period, circa 710-670 BC. It was shaped by hand and is made of a heavy, unrefined clay that is quite a coarse brown in color. Standing on two feet wearing ankle boots, the belly is decorated with geometric motifs and figures scratched into the surface of the clay; this type of decoration is denoted 'incavo' in Italian.

Decoration with animals and anthropomorphic figures

Meander patterns and elongated rectangles occupy the upper portion of this vessel. The lower part of the belly is decorated with four monsters or four horses with schematic human figures riding them or above them. The rest of the decoration consists of five catlike creatures with speckled fur and two large birds with spread wings. The geometric motifs fall within the decorative tradition of the preceding period.

Bibliography

Gran-Aymerich J., Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, Musée du Louvre, vol. 23, 1992, p. 24-25, pl. 2 à 5.

Technical description

  • Anthropomorphic oinochoe (wine jug)

    Between 710 and 670 BC

    Italie

    From the area of Falerii Veteres (Civita Castellana) or southern Etruria (Italy)

  • Impasto, modeling, toolwork

    H. 39.6 cm; Diam. 23 cm

  • From old holdings (perhaps from the Campana Collection)

    S 5047

  • Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Antiquities

    Denon wing
    Ground floor
    Etruria I
    Room 18

Practical information

The Louvre is open every day (except Tuesday) from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.

Night opening until 9:45 p.m. on Wednesdays and Fridays
 
Closed on the following holidays: January 1, May 1, December 25
 
Musée du Louvre, 75058 Paris - France
Métro: Palais-Royal Musée du Louvre (lines 1 and 7)
Tel.: +33 (0)1 40 20 53 17
 

Buy tickets