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Work Figurine of a seated woman
Department of Near Eastern Antiquities: Anatolia
© 2008 RMN / Franck Raux
Near Eastern Antiquities
This little statue with its full womanly curves is similar to the "mother goddess" figures that were widespread in the Near East in the Neolithic period. The heavy breasts, broad hips, enormous thighs and buttocks evoke not only female fecundity, but also the fertility of the soil. These figurines were probably used during magical fertility rites.
A statuette with fulsome curves
This little figurine represents a naked woman with abundant curves. The head is missing, the shoulders are broad and rounded, the breasts and belly geometrically stylized; the thick arms are close to the torso and the hands are laid on the knees. She is sitting on a sort of stool made of two protuberances that support her huge buttocks. Her slightly parted legs end in points suggesting feet.
A figure from Anatolia
The statuette is made from clay and the surface has been carefully polished. Its exact archaeological origin is unknown, because it was part of a gift to the Louvre. However, its manufacturing technique and style show similarities with figurines of naked women found on many Late Neolithic Anatolian sites, such as Catal Hüyük, Can Hassan III, and Hacilar. A thermoluminescence test has confirmed this dating.
A figurine symbolizing the principles of fertility and fecundity
These statuettes, common in Anatolia and throughout the Near East in Neolithic times, show the importance placed on the female figure, especially her sexual attributes: heavy breasts and belly, broad hips, enormous thighs and buttocks all being features that suggest female fecundity. These symbolic figurines encapsulate a new mode of thought that may be linked to the beginning of agricultural societies. As men went from the status of hunter-gatherers to that of farmers, they were faced with new problems; moreover, although women had always been the guarantee of the survival of the human group, they now symbolized the fertility of the earth on which the group depended for food. These figurines were probably used during magical rites to ensure fecundity, the source of all life, but it may be premature to see them as the first representations of a supreme god, a mother goddess who was the center of a cult.
BibliographyDemange Françoise, in Déesses : Imatges femenines de la Mediterrània de la prehistòria al món romà, Ajuntament de Barcelona, 2000, p. 136, cat. n 5.
Milieu du VIe millénaire avant J.-C.
H. : 6,60 cm. ; L. : 5,70 cm. ; Pr. : 4,30 cm.
Acquisition 1975 , 1975
Anatolian civilizations, from the earliest times to the 1st millennium BC
Room 5, temporarily closed to the public, works no
Vitrine 1 : De l'époque néolithique au Bronze Ancien
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