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Alfred, Eugène Delacroix

© Musée du Louvre / Harry Bréjat

The Musée National Eugène-Delacroix

Author(s):
Marie-Christine Mégevand

“A little persistence is needed, but once the wheels start turning, I find it just as easy to write as to paint and, strange to say, I have less need to revisit what I did.” So wrote Delacroix of his love of writing in his Journal on July 21, 1850. At a very young age—barely sixteen or seventeen—he tried his hand at literary creation; Alfred, a long fictional story, inspired by the British Gothic novel, is the result.

Sources of inspiration for Alfred

The time the young Delacroix spent with his Bataille cousins at Valmont Abbey between 1813 and 1817 is likely what inspired him to write Alfred, a medieval tale of betrayal and thwarted love that takes place in England during the reign of William the Conqueror. Delacroix had perhaps read the book by Abbé Prévost, History of William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy and King of England, published in 1742, and had seen the melodrama based on the book performed in Paris in 1804.

 

The tragic story of Alfred

Alfred tells the tragic story of an English baron in medieval times, an exoticism at the time.  The rich Count of Burtmann, believing himself near death after a battle with the French, follows the counsel of his treacherous chaplain Harold and agrees to offer to God his only son and heir, Alfred, should his wound heal. The charming Alfred loves Amélie, the daughter of a neighboring chatelain, but understands when his beloved father returns that he will be torn away from her. The baron’s dramatic hesitations, the son’s internal torment, and upsurges of hope follow one after the other as they lead to the tragic demise of both father and son.

 

Delacroix the writer

As a young man, Delacroix hesitated between a career as a man of letters or a painter. “I should like to be a poet! But at least create with painting,” he wrote in his Journal on May 11, 1824. Fervent letter writer, diarist, art critic, even novelist and poet in his youth, Delacroix demonstrated equal talent with pen and brush. Writing, like drawing, allowed him to keep his train of thoughts and analyze them; the inner dialogue it made possible endured until the end of his life. The great artist modeled his writing after painter-poet Michelangelo and Michel de Montaigne, an essayist and brilliant analyst of the human soul.

Bibliography

Dominique de Font-Réaulx, “Musée Delacroix. Nouvel accrochage, Portrait d’un peintre écrivain,” in Grande Galerie-Le Journal du Louvre, juin-juillet 2013, n°24, p.84- 89
Dominique de Font-Réaulx (dir.), Eugène Delacroix, écrivain, témoin de son temps-Ecrits choisis, Paris, Flammarion, 2014, p.11-17

Technical description

  • Eugène DELACROIX (Charenton-Saint-Maurice, 1798 - Paris, 1863)

    Alfred

    1815-1817

  • Half-morocco binding by Semet & Plumelle

    H; 0.178 m x W. 0.115 m

  • Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Pierre Guénant, 2012

    Autograph manuscript, 25 folios in 12°

    MD 2012-6

  • The Musée National Eugène-Delacroix

Practical information

Location:
Musée Eugène-Delacroix
6, rue de Furstenberg
75006 Paris
Tel.: +33 (0)1 44 41 86 50

Getting there - Metro:
Alight at Saint-Germain-des-Prés station (line 4) or Mabillon station (line 10).

Opening hours:
Open daily from 9:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., except Tuesdays
Closed on the following holidays: January 1, May 1, December 25