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Work Commode

Department of Decorative Arts: 18th century: rococo

Commode

© Musée du Louvre, dist. RMN / Thierry Ollivier

Decorative Arts
18th century: rococo

Author(s):
Muriel Barbier

Louis XV acquired the Château de Choisy in 1739. The furniture in the Blue Room (commissioned from the marchand mercier Hébert) was designed to match some blue silk woven by the king's mistress, Madame de Mailly, and to suit her taste for oriental art. Hébert had the commode and encoignure (corner cabinet) for the room made by cabinetmaker Matthieu Criaerd. The commode is a fine example of Criaerd's work.

The Blue Room at the Château de Choisy

Madame de Mailly's room was elaborately furnished in 1742. Louis XV's mistress had given the king some silk that she had woven; this was made into blue and white striped moiré, and was used in the room which was then painted blue and white. The marchand mercier Hébert and the upholsterer Sallior were given the task of producing the furniture, which was to suit both the colors of the silk and Madame de Mailly's taste for chinoiserie.

The production of the furniture

Although the marchand mercier Hébert was entrusted with producing the furniture, a commode veneered with Chinese lacquer was first delivered by his colleague Julliot. Hébert therefore made furniture to match this commode — provisional items, no doubt, which were subsequently replaced by the blue and white furniture which confirms Madame de Mailly's pronounced taste for objects of oriental inspiration, reflected throughout her decorative scheme. Hébert provided blue and white China porcelain for the same apartment, together with silver-plated andirons decorated with figures of Chinese children. Hébert entrusted the production of the blue furniture to cabinetmaker Mattheu Criaerd.

A commode typical of Criaerd's work

Matthieu Criaerd produced a commode and encoignure (corner cabinet) which are now in the Louvre. The commode, with its curved legs and two long drawers, resembles the one delivered to Fontainebleau for Queen Maria Leczinska by BVRB in 1737. It is coated with blue and white vernis Martin, essentially representing exotic birds and plants, freely inspired by Chinese motifs. The silvered bronze decoration, typical of Criaerd, consists of trophies down the sides of the legs, and pierced sabots. The frames are formed by a series of scrolls, and the central, violin-shaped cartouche is created by a wavy border pierced with ovals, scrolls, and foliage. This type of decoration became very popular; it features on other commodes by Criaerd, notably the one in the former Grog-Carven Collection, or the one delivered by Hébert for the Dauphin's study at the Château de Versailles in 1748.

Bibliography

Catalogue d’exposition : « Nouvelles acquisitions du département des Objets d’art 1990-1994 », Paris, 1995, pp. 31, 134-136.
D. Alcouffe, A. Dion-Tenenbaum, A. Lefébure, Le Mobilier du Musée du Louvre, t. 1, Paris, Faton, 1993, pp. 144-147

Technical description

  • Estampillée : Matthieu CRIAERD

    Commode

    1742

    Paris

  • Bâti de chêne ; placage de bois fruitier ; vernis Martin ; bronze argenté ; marbre bleu turquin

    H. : 0,85 m. ; L. : 1,32 m. ; Pr. : 0,63 m.

  • Provenance : livrée en 1742 par le marchand mercier Thomas-Joachim Hébert pour la "chambre bleue" de la comtesse de Mailly (1710 - 1751) au château de Choisy ; Garde-meuble de la Couronne à Paris (1775) ; appartement de Mme Royale à Versailles ; vente Mme Delizy à Paris, 1913 ; collection baron Maurice de Rothschild. Dation en paiement de droits de mutation, 1990 , 1990

    OA 11292

  • Decorative Arts

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Additional information about the work

Stamp on front right corner: M CRIAERDNumber in black paint on the back: N° 1290Blue printed label: 10177