Work Fragment of a dish
Department of Decorative Arts: Renaissance
Fond de plat : Le Parnasse,
© 2008 RMN / Jean-Gilles Berizzi
The signature on the reverse of this pottery fragment makes it an important reference in the history of istoriato (narrative) ware of the Italian Renaissance. Only five pieces are known to have the mark of the maiolica painter Nicola da Urbino, some of whose major works are in the Louvre. The artist has depicted here the upper part of a scene, from an engraving by Marcantonio Raimondi after the Parnassus of Raphael, showing Apollo on Parnassus.
Istoriato or narrative decoration
Istoriato decoration, which originated in the late fifteenth century, is traditionally associated with the town of Faenza, which gave its name to "faience" pottery. Its surface, covered in a thick, opaque white glaze, was an ideal "canvas" for actually painting on ceramics. This style of decoration was widely adopted by workshops elsewhere in the country, and Italian maiolica became famous throughout Europe. From the 1520s, Urbino was one of the most important centers for production of istoriato ware, thanks to the skills of workshops including those of Guido Durantino, Nicola da Urbino, and, later, Francesco Xanto Avelli.
The signature of a renowned workshop
This fragment, the bottom of a dish, probably owes its preservation to the signature on the reverse, that of Nicola da Urbino (ca. 1480-1538), one of the most famous of Italian maiolica painters. Of all his voluminous, high-quality production, only five pieces, in St. Petersburg, Florence, London, and Novellara, bear his name or monogram. Others pieces have been attributed to him on the basis of stylistic comparison. Strong designs, fine compositions, and a cool, delicate palette distinguish the work of this painter, the head of a great workshop.
The decoration of the fragment is interesting not only for its intrinsic quality, but also because its inspiration was a lost drawing by Raphael, for his fresco in the Stanza della Segnatura in the Vatican, known only from an engraving by Marcantonio Raimondi. The fragment shows the upper part of a scene with Apollo, god of music and poetry, surrounded by the Muses on Mount Parnassus. A more complete representation of the subject can be seen on several dishes in the collections of the Louvre, the Musée Vivenel in Compiègne, and the Kunstgewerbemuseum in Berlin.
BibliographyGiacomotti Jeanne, Catalogue des majoliques des musées nationaux : musées du Louvre et de Cluny, Musée national de céramique à Sèvres, Musée Adrien-Dubouché à Limoges, Paris, Éditions de la Réunion des musées nationaux, 1974, pp. 254-255, n 824.
Louvre. Guide du visiteur. Les Objets d'art. Moyen-Age et Renaissance, Paris, Editions de la Réunion des Musées nationaux, 1994, p. 108.
Assante di Panzillo Maryline, La Majolique italienne de la Renaissance (II), feuillet de salle n 6/35.
Nicola di Gabriele SBRAGA, dit Nicola da URBINO
Fond de plat : Le Parnasse,
Vers 1525 - 1528
D. : 14 cm.
Don Charles Sauvageot, 1856 , 1856
d'après une gravure de Raphaël
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