The Guardian of Egyptian ArtThe Crypt of the Sphinx

Great Sphinx of Tanis Room 338, Sully wing, Level -1

An enigmatic half-human, half-animal creature with the body of a lion and the face of a king stands guard at the entrance to the Louvre’s Department of Egyptian Antiquities. Deep down in the crypt, the Great Sphinx of Tanis welcomes visitors to a vast display of over 6,000 works spanning almost 5,000 years of Egyptian history.

Champollion at the Louvre

The first Egyptian museum, comprising four rooms, opened at the Louvre in 1827. Jean-François Champollion, the French scholar who deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphs in 1822, founded and directed this museum with a view to spreading knowledge of this mysterious civilisation that had long fascinated Europeans. The science of Egyptology was born and the museum’s collection expanded rapidly, thanks in particular to an agreement with the Egyptian government to divide excavation finds. The collection owned by the Musée Charles X has long since extended beyond its borders; the Department of Egyptian Antiquities occupies two levels in today’s Louvre.

Statues of the goddess Sekhmet (Le Temple) Room 324, Sully wing, Level 0

Life in ancient Egypt

The first rooms introduce the main characteristics of ancient Egyptian civilisation, beginning with the Nile and its annual flood, which ensured plentiful crops. Monumental Egyptian architecture is represented by the ‘mastaba’ tomb of Akhethotep. The visit continues with a room devoted to hieroglyphs, then moves on to daily life in ancient Egypt, illustrated by artefacts, furniture, clothing and jewellery. The temple room and the collection of sarcophagi recall the importance the ancient Egyptians attached to religion and funerary practices.

Crypt of Osiris Room 323, Sully Wing, Left -1

5,000 years of history

The displays on Level 1 take a historical and artistic approach with an overview of almost 5,000 years of Egyptian art. Highlights include the famous Seated Scribe with his bright-eyed gaze, and the statues of kings and queens including Sesostris III, Ahmose Nefertari, Hatshepsut, Amenophis III, Nefertiti, Akhenaton and Ramesses II.

Ancient Egyptian masterpieces

In today’s Louvre, the Department of Egyptian Antiquities occupies two floors. On the lower level, you will find a themed display on daily lives of Ancient Egyptians and on the upper level, you will find a chronological display on Ancient Egypt, from prehistory to the Ptolemaic Period.

  • Great Sphinx of Tanis

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Inside a mastaba tomb

Mastaba chapel of Akhethotep Room 333, Sully wing, Level 0

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A celebrity scribe

The Seated Scribe (detail) Room 635, Sully wing, Level 1

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